One tick bite can give people more than one tick-borne disease (co-infection).  In addition to Lyme disease, here are some other tick-borne diseases found in the US.

28 October 2014

Rickettsia parkeri Rickettsiosis

Found in Eastern & Southern US & Gulf Coast

Transmitted by Gulf Coast tick

Symptoms:  Fever, headache, eschar(s), variable rash.  [Eschar is dead tissue that falls off (sheds) from healthy skin.]

Multiple infections may be transmitted from the bite of the same tick.

©LDA.  2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

28 October 2014

Borrelia miyamotoi is a bacteria is in the relapsing fever group of  Borrelia. Although it’s not closely related to the Lyme disease bacteria, it can cause a Lyme-like-illness. 

Symptoms include fever, headaches, muscle aches and chills. Diagnosis is by PCR testing, at present, the test is not widely available.
 
Treatment is doxycycline.
 
Borrelia miyamotoi was identified in 1995 in ticks from Japan.  The bacteria has also been detected in two species of North American ticks, Ixodes scapularis (black-legged/deer tick) and Ixodes pacificus (western black-legged tick).  
 
©LDA.  2014. 2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.
05 February 2012

Colorado tick fever (CTF) is a disease caused by an RNA virus, Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV).  

Symptoms, which are oftern non-specific, begin 3 to 5 days after the bite with an abrupt onset of fever and any of these: headaches, chills, malaise, photophobia, myalgias, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.  In 5 to 15%  of cases a rash occurs.  Neurologic complications may also occur.  50% of patients have single recurrence of fever (“saddleback” fever). 

IFA titers for diagnosis. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is the test most often used to diagnose the disease.  
CTF is transmitted by Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mt. wood tick) which causes illness from the western Black Hills to the West Coast in the USA.  Some cases of transmission through blood transfusion have been reported. 
Treatment consists of supportive care.

©LDA. 2014. 2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

04 February 2012

Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness (STARI) is also known as Masters Disease. STARI is a disease that looks and acts and is treated like Lyme disease.  The causitive agent of STARI is unknown, although some people think the bacterium, Borrellia lonestari, could be the causitive agent, and others think it is another form of Lyme disease.  

Symptoms are similar to Lyme disease and can include a rash that looks like the bull's eye rash of Lyme.

There is no generally accepted test for STARI at this time.

It is often found in the South and Midwest where Amblyomma americanum (lone star), the tick that transmits STARI, is prevalent. STARI can also be found in the Northern portions of the USA.

The treatment is generally the same as for early Lyme disease, doxycycline.

For more information on STARI visit the Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center
Columbia University Medical Center Web site www.columbia-lyme.org/patients/tbd_stari.html

©LDA.  2014. 2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

04 February 2012

Tularemia is caused by a bacterium, Francisella tularensis.

Symptoms can include headache, chilliness, vomiting, aching pains, fever, swollen glands, sweating, weight loss, debility.  Infection site develops into an ulcer.

Treatment can include streptomycin or gentamicin. 

Ticks that transmit tularemia include Ixodes scapularis (black legged/deer tick), Amblyomma americanum (lone star), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog) and Dermacentor andersoni (wood).

©LDA. 2014. 2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

Lyme Disease Association, Inc.
PO Box 1438, Jackson, NJ 08527 

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