One tick bite can give people more than one tick-borne disease (co-infection).  In addition to Lyme disease, here are some other tick-borne diseases found in the US.

06 May 2015

Meat Allergy/alpha-gal  

Meat allergy caused by lone star tick bite.  

The tick's saliva triggers immune response to a carbohydrate, alpha-gal, found in red meat.

Symptoms: Develop 3-4 hours after exposure. Anaphylaxis.

©LDA.  2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

 

06 May 2015

Heartland Phlebovirus

Discovered in humans in 2009 in the state of Montana.
Found to date also in Texas and Oklahoma.

Transmitted by lone star tick.  Caused by Phlebovirus.

Symptoms: Fever, Leucopenia (decrease in the number of total white blood cells count), Thrombocytopenia (low platelet).

Testing: viral RNA by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction on blood or tissue
or 2) a ≥4-fold rise in virus-specific plaque reduction neutralization antibody titers between acute and convalescent serum specimens.

Treatment: None, 10 cases, 2 deaths to date (9/14)*d Virus

©LDA.  2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

06 May 2015

Bourbon Virus

Thogotovirus.

One case to date, in Bourbon County, Kansas, USA.

Transmission: tick perhaps biting insects

Symptoms: Fever, headache, tiredness, rash, other body aches, nausea, vomiting, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia.

No tests.

No treatment except for symptoms.  

thogotovirus 729775Electron microscopic images virus particles from virus from CDC.

©LDA.  2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

28 October 2014

Tick paralysis

Imbedded Tick

Caused by a neurotoxin secreted by American dog, Rocky Mt. wood, deer/blacklegged and lone star ticks. 

Symptoms begin 2-6 days  after attachment and primarily involve a paralysis that begins in the feet and spreads upward. May be fatal if respiratory muscles involved.
 
Paralysis resolves when tick is completely removed. 

©LDA.  2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

28 October 2014

Rickettsia species 364D

Found in Northern CA & Pacific Coast
Transmitted by Pacific Coast tick
Symptoms: Fever, eschar(s)   [Eschar is dead tissue that falls off (sheds) from healthy skin.]

Multiple infections may be transmitted from the bite of the same tick.

©LDA.  2015.  This web site provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.

Lyme Disease Association, Inc.
PO Box 1438, Jackson, NJ 08527 

888-366-6611 | information line
732-938-7215 | fax
[email protected] | email

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